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Insuring work done abroad

Are you sending an employee to work for you abroad? Or are you hireing an employee from abroad to work in Finland? Do you know what to do as an employer? Elo will provide you with assistance in these situations. Here you will find the most important information about the matters related to insuring work done abroad. If you have any further questions, call our Customer Service at +358 (0)20 694 730.

As an employer, you are obligated to arrange for the pension security of your employees regardless of whether they work in Finland or abroad. This is applicable to both Finnish and foreign employers. In addition to pension security, the obligation often concerns other forms of social security for your employees as well.

Insuring the work done abroad is governed by the legislation of both Finland and the country in which the work is being done, the EU regulations and the social security agreements made by Finland with other countries. The country in which an employee’s pension security and other forms of social security shall be arranged depends on, for example, the target country and the duration of the work assignment abroad.

An employee is sent from Finland to work abroad

When you are sending an employee from Finland to work abroad, you should clarify well in advance which country’s legislation will be applicable and then arrange the pension security for the employee accordingly.

As a rule, employees are insured in the country in which they actually work. Similarly, those working remotely are primarily covered by the social security of the country in which they are engaged in remote work. In these cases, you will pay the social security contributions to the country in which your employees are working and they will be entitled to the social security benefits in accordance with the national legislation of the country in question.

An exception to the above rule of applies to those employees who are posted abroad temporarily and who may be covered by Finnish social security while working abroad.

Salary for insurance purposes

In employment abroad, the earnings forming the basis of pension are called salary for insurance purposes. The salary for insurance purposes is also the basis for pension contributions. Irrespective of the country of posting, it applies to the work of employees posted abroad from Finland and insured in accordance with the Finnish Employees Pensions Act and Employment Accidents Act.

The employer and the employee must jointly determine the amount of salary for insurance purposes before the start of the secondment. It is advisable to always specify this salary in euros in the secondment agreement. The employer must notify the amount of the salary for insurance purposes to Incomes Register by submitting payroll reports.

The salary for insurance purposes cannot be freely agreed on; it must be in accordance with the Employees Pensions Act. As a rule, the salary for insurance purposes must be equivalent to the wages or salary that would be paid for similar work in Finland. The intention of this is to guarantee the employee a pension corresponding to the Finnish level.

Posted employees

A posted employee is a person who

  • is sent by a Finnish employer to work abroad

  • was covered by Finnish social security before being posted abroad

  • carries out a work assignment abroad on a temporary basis.

Read more about insuring work done abroad

 

Apply for a certificate of Finnish social security coverage

When you send an employee to work abroad, you should apply for a certificate demonstrating the employee’s right to Finnish social security, known as the A1 certificate, which can be applied for from the Finnish Centre for Pension using an online application form.

You can apply for an A1 certificate if your employee is being sent to work in an EU/EEA country or Switzerland or a country with which Finland has a social security agreement.

Apply for an A1 Certificate

To which country are you sending your employee to work?

The provision of social security for your employees while working abroad depends mostly on the country to which you are sending them to work. The EU regulations on social security and the social security agreements made between various countries are intended to ensure that a person is only covered by the legislation of one single state at a time.

The social security agreement countries and the EU countries have similar criteria for a posted employee.

What an employer should do when sending an employee to work abroad

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When you hire an employee from abroad to work in Finland

You are responsible for arranging pension and social security for any workers hired from abroad to work in Finland. As a rule, the workers shall be insured under the Finnish earnings-related pension legislation if they come to work directly for a Finnish employer and make an employment contract with a Finnish employer.

An exception to this rule are those employees who are posted from abroad to Finland and who have a certificate granted for a posted employee from their country of origin. Any employee who is posted to Finland from an EU/EEA country or Switzerland or a social security agreement country and has received a relevant certificate from the country of origin will remain covered by the social security of the country in question while working in Finland. In this case, your employee cannot be insured for pension security in Finland. Also, you must resolve the insuring question for anyone working in several countries at the same time and who may, depending on the situation, be granted a certificate for a posted employee.

More information about insuring employees hired from abroad to work in Finland is available on the website of the Finnish Centre for Pensions 

Social security contributions in international situations

Use the online service of the Finnish Centre for Pensions to find out if you are obliged to pay statutory social insurance contributions in Finland for an employee who comes to work in Finland or is sent to work abroad.

Got to the eServices of the Finnish Centre for Pensions
 
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